Peridot is a gemstone that has the formula (Mg,Fe)2SiO4 and belongs to the olivine group of minerals. It has a yellow-green to olive-green color that is caused by the presence of iron. Peridot is often used as a birthstone for August and a symbol of happiness and harmony.

Afghanistan is one of the places where peridot can be found, especially in the Harat Province, near the border with Iran. The peridot from this region is known for its high quality and large size, sometimes reaching over 100 carats. The peridot from Afghanistan also has a distinctive brownish hue and a high refractive index, which gives it a strong brilliance and fire. The peridot from Afghanistan is highly sought after by gem collectors and connoisseurs.

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